General information


Salerno is an ancient city and comune in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the namesake province. It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. In recent history the city hosted Victor Emmanuel III, the King of Italy, who moved from Rome in 1943 after Italy negotiated a peace with the Allies in World War II, making Salerno the capital of the "Government of the South" (Regno del Sud) and therefore provisional government seat for six months. Some of the Allied landings during Operation Avalanche (the invasion of Italy) occurred near Salerno. Today Salerno is an important cultural and economic centre in Campania and Italy.

Human settlement at Salerno has a rich and vibrant past, dating back to pre-historic times. The site has been one of the most important and strategic ports on the Mediterranean sea, yielding a rich Greco-Roman heritage. It was an independent Lombard principality, Principality of Salerno, in the early Middle Ages. During this time, the Schola Medica Salernitana, the first medical school in the world, was founded. The Normans in 1077 made Salerno the capital of their rule in all continental southern Italy. In the 16th century, under the Sanseverino family, among the most powerful feudal lords in southern Italy, the city became a great centre of learning, culture and the arts, and the family hired several of the greatest intellectuals of the time. Later, in 1694, the city was struck by several catastrophic earthquakes and plagues.During a period of Spanish rule the city suffered a crisis which would last until the 18th century, but under Napoleon Salerno became part of the Parthenopean Republic. In the 19th century Salerno supported ideas of the Risorgimento and welcomed Garibaldi in 1861.

The city is divided into three distinct zones: the medieval sector, the 19th century sector and the more densely populated post-war area, with its several apartment blocks.

Getting to Salerno

Driving to Salerno

Theoretically, you can rent a car to cover the last stretch of the journey, but in all honesty it's probably better to reserve this option for second (or third) visits to the area if you are used to driving in Northern Europe or the US. The reason for this is that driving habits in this area of Italy have developed in a sort of local micro climate - most cars drift around on the motorway hovering between two or three lanes, most drivers talk and gesticulate instead of driving, and if you don't keep up with the traffic flow, you are likely to find someone tailgating you within 30 seconds or so. If you need any more convincing, take a look at the cars when you arrive in the area. There is a prize if you can spot one without dents. Dents and rental cars don't mix well.

Flying to Salerno

The nearest International Airport is Naples Capodichino (code NAP). After your arrival, you'll have different ways to reach the city.

From the airport you can take a bus for €3 (called Alibus) to Stazione Centrale in Naples (get off here for connections to Salerno via train). It also stops at Piazza Municipio near the ferry port, from which you can take a 5-minute walk to catch the Bus (SITA).

You can buy your ticket on the Alibus, and you can get it by walking right out of the airport terminal to the bus stop which is less than 20 metres from the airport terminal exit. From Naples Airport there is a SITA bus running directly to Salerno (Euros 7). This bus runs only 4 times a day, and not on Sunday. You have to walk 300 meters to reach the bus.

Ferry to Salerno from the Amalfi Coast

The Coop Sant'Andrea company operates the ferry service for the Amalfi Coast, with services starting every year from Easter weekend. Connections are to and between and return Salerno, Positano and Amalfi. In summer, the routes extend to Maiori and Minori. This is a much better way of enjoying the journey, and you will arrive with a smile on your face as it is very relaxing. Amalfi forms a hub of the sea routes along the Amalfi Coast and you can find more complete information about all the routes available at Ferry connections from Salerno to the Amalfi Coast.

For private boat transfer along the Amalfi Coast and Capri, contact us to request a price estimate: HERE

With the yacht to Salerno

Salerno can be reached by private yacht. The modern harbour Marina d'Arechi can be a valuable opportunity where to dock. With 1.000 moorings from 10 to 100 metres and a water surface of 340.000 square metres, it is one of the largest marinas in the Mediterranean.

With the ship to Salerno

The cadenced connections between the Port of Salerno and several other Mediterranean harbors is provided by three different "infrastructures" such as Motorways of the Sea and the Ways of the Sea. The service of the Motorways of the Sea is done by two companies that have chosen the Port of Salerno as a focal point of their trade such as the Neapolitan Grimaldi Lines and Charon & Tourist Messina.

Grimaldi Lines

  • Line Salerno - Valencia: 3 times a week
  • Line Salerno - Tunisi: twice a week
  • Line Salerno - Malta: once a week
  • Line Salerno - Tripoli: once a week
  • Line Salerno - Cagliari: 3 times a week
  • Line Salerno - Catania: everyday (Except Sunday)
  • Line Salerno - Palermo: twice a week

Contact Center Grimaldi Lines: 081 496 444 | email:
Address: Via Marchese Campodisola 13 - 80133 - Napoli

Caronte & Tourist

  • Line Salerno - Messina: twice a day

Contact Center Caronte & Tourist: 800 627 414 | email:
Address: Viale della Libertà, 24 - 98121 - Messina

In the period from April to November thereare operational connections of the Ways of the Sea with the Amalfi coast (harbors of Amalfi and Positano), with the islands of the Gulf of Naples (Capri and Ischia) and the Sorrento coast (Port of Sorrento). The service is provided by the companies Travelmar and Gescab.


  • Line Salerno Piazza della Concordia - Amalfi: once a day
  • Line Salerno Piazza della Concordia - Amalfi - Positano: 7 times a week
  • Line Salerno Piazza della Concordia - Minori - Amalfi - Positano: once a day by night

Contact Center Travelmar Amalfi: 089 872 950 | email:
Address: Via Guglielmo Melisurgo, 4 - 80133 - Napoli


  • Line Salerno Molo Manfredi - Amalfi - Positano - Capri - Ischia: once a day
  • Line Salerno Molo Manfredi - Amalfi - Positano - Capri: twice a week
  • Line Salerno Salerno Molo Manfredi - Amalfi - Positano - Capri - Sorrento: once a day

Contact Center GESCAB: 081 704 1921 | email:
Address: Via Guglielmo Melisurgo, 4 - 80133 - Napoli

Train to Salerno

From Napoli Central or Piazza Garibaldi you can easily reach Salerno by train. The regional trains ticket to Salerno costs around €3-€4 and it's called U-5 Unico Campania. Other trains are more expensive and cost around 7-10 euros. To research schedules and purchase the tickets please go to the following websites:

Bus connections to Salerno

From Naples:

Be aware that you have to cross the road here, and that traffic in Naples follows unwritten rules that are not accessible to foreigners (or even some Italians). Red traffic lights don't always stop the traffic (the locals know the 'important' traffic lights, and will stop at these). Mopeds regularly leave the road and drive on any other surface they can find. Follow the locals, and you should be OK. You should ask the way to the "SITA" (the name of the bus company that provides the service). If you stand where the bus stops, and face the sea (with the tall castle to your right), you will need to cross the main road and head towards the left. After about 400 meters or so, you will see a small congregation of buses to your right. Check the destination written on the bus, or you can ask for "Salerno". The service is quite rapid for the first part of the journey, but then will leave the motorway and take a more tortuous route. The journey should take an hour so so. The ticket should cost between €3 and €4 per person. For further journeys there is a regional ticket that allows you to travel with the bus (timed limit) or train (one journey): see Campania Unico.

From the Amalfi coast:

You can catch a bus from the Amalfi Coast to Salerno, which runs along the winding roads of the coastline. The drivers are very experienced and swing effortlessly round the curves (they don't have special powers to see round corners, if you look closely, there are mirrors at strategic points). In the height of summer expect long delays, as tourist cars and buses tend to get overwhelmed by the road, and vice versa. Much better to go by boat.

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